A new report from Maastricht University and CBRE finds that that green building adoption in the United States is significantly more common in large office buildings, than it is in small office buildings.
The report notes that more than 62% of U.S. office buildings larger than 500,000 square feet hold an ENERGY STAR or LEED certification. In contrast, only 4.5% of office buildings under 100,000 square feet carry the same distinction.
The study also found that green building adoption is primarily a "first tier city phenomenon", with the top 5 office markets mostly unchanged from last year. Minneapolis took the top spot once again, with more than 70% of all office space considered 'green'.
"Our 2015 study confirmed that green building adoption has been primarily a big building, first-tier city phenomenon," said David Pogue, CBRE's global director of corporate responsibility. "It would appear that many smaller buildings in the majority of large markets still have an opportunity to be 'best in class' among their peer set by achieving these certifications."
Minneapolis led the city ranking for the second consecutive year, with 70.4 percent of all office space currently qualified as green, down from 77.0 percent in 2014. San Francisco, again in second place, significantly closed the gap and now boasts a 70.0 percent green market, up from 67.2 percent in 2014. Chicago, at 63.4 percent, was third, while Atlanta (57.8 percent) and Houston (52.9 percent) swapped positions at fourth and fifth. The top 10 cities on the 2014 list all retained a place on the 2015 list.
The overall results of the study show that the uptake of green building practices in the 30 largest U.S. cities continues to be significant, but that the growth is slowing. At the end of the fourth quarter of 2014, 13.1 percent of the commercial building stock had an ENERGY STAR label, LEED certification, or both, compared to 13.8 percent at the end of 2013. Measured by size, the amount of certified commercial space also decreased from 39.3 percent in 2013 to 38.7 percent at the end of 2014.
"This decrease does not imply that buildings are starting to perform worse than before. Rather, it reflects the fact that only a certain fraction of the building stock can obtain a green or energy-efficiency certification," said Dr. Nils Kok, associate professor in Finance and Real Estate, Maastricht University (NL). "Additionally, it appears that some of the buildings that were previously certified did not renew their certification in 2014. This does not necessarily mean that the energy use of these buildings has changed, but that some owners and managers choose not to spend the time or expense to reapply for certification every year."
Executed in close collaboration with the USGBC and CBRE Research, this is the second release of the annual Green Building Adoption Index. Based on a rigorous methodology, the Index shows the growth of ENERGY STAR- and LEED-certified space for the 30 largest U.S. office markets, both in aggregate and in individual markets, over the previous 10 years.
The 2015 Green Building Adoption Index, now in its second year, continues to provide a comprehensive view into the dynamics of LEED and ENERGY STAR office space across the United States. Download it here.